Cholesterol

Cholesterol is vital for new cells formation and hormones production in human body. However, high cholesterol level (hypercholesterolemia) leads to serious health consequences such as arteriosclerosis, stroke, heart attack.

The Various Forms of Cholesterol:

  • Cholesterol is transported by attaching to the proteins. Lipoprotein is this combination of proteins and cholesterol. The three types of lipoproteins are summarized as below:
    • Low-density lipoprotein (LDL): Bad cholesterol that transports cholesterol particles throughout your body. LDL cholesterol accumulate and subsequently causing a narrow arteries wall.
    • Very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL). VLDL attach with triglycerides*. VLDLs narrow the blood vessels by making the LDL cholesterol particles larger.
    • High-density lipoprotein (HDL). A good cholesterol that collect excessive cholesterol particles and send them back to liver for excretion or re-utilization.
  • Triglycerides: A type of fat in blood. Body converts unused calories into triglycerides and stores them in fat cells. Triglycerides will be released as fuels if body needs energy. If you have excessive calories intake regularly, triglycerides level tend to be high (hypertriglyceridemia).

The Standards of Lipid Profile (Source: Mayo Clinic http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cholesterol-levels/CL00001)

Total cholesterol

Status

< 200 mg/dL

<5.2 mmol/L

Desirable

200-239 mg/dL

5.2-6.2 mmol/L

Borderline high

≥240mg/dl

≥6.2 mmol/L 

High

 

HDL (High Density Lipoprotein)

Status

Men <40 mg/dL

Women <50 mg/dL

<1mmol/L

<1.3 mmol/L

Poor

50-59 mg/dL

1.3-1.5 mmol/L

Better

> 60mg/dL

>1.5mmol/L

Best

 

LDL (Low Density Lipoprotein)

Status

< 100 mg/dL

<2.6mmol/L

Optimal

100-129 mg/dL 

2.6-3.3 mmol/L

Above optimal

130-159 mg/dL 

3.4-4.1 mmol/L

Borderline high

160- 189 mg/dL

4.1-4.9mmol/L

High

>190 mg/dL 

>4.9mmol/L

Very High

 

Triglycerides

Status

< 150 mg/dL

1.7 mmol/L

Normal

150-199 mg/dL

1.7-2.2 mmol/L

Borderline high

200-499mg/dL

2.3-5.6mmol/L

High

>500 mg/dL

> 5.6 mmol/L

Very high

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